WE ARE OPEN AND HERE TO HELP: The Courts Are Presently Closed Except for Emergency Situations and New Arrests. As Always, We’re Here for All Criminal Cases, DWI, Suspended License, Revoked License, Traffic Violations, and Domestic Violence Cases. We Also Do Family Court Criminal Cases; I've Successfully Argued in Nassau County to Have Numerous Felonies Transferred to the Family Courts. We’re Available for Phone Consultations and FaceTime Meetings as Well!

How Does New York Address DUIs with Minors in the Vehicle?

What Does the Law Say About Drunk Driving with a Child in the Car?

Being arrested and charged for driving while intoxicated (DWI) can result in severe penalties under Leandra Law. Possible punishments are fines, probation, surcharges, DMV fees, and jail time. The situation becomes worse when you’re charged with a DWI while a child is in the car. You can be charged with a felony for committing a DWI with a child below 16 years in the vehicle.

The law gets its name from Leandra Rosado, an 11-year-old who was killed in a drunk driving accident. First-time offenders can face Class E felony, with a possible sentence of 4 years in prison upon conviction. A skilled Long Island criminal justice attorney who understands that mistakes can happen can provide legal representation to help you beat the charges.

How Do I Get a DWI in New York?

You can face charges for a DWI or DUI if caught driving after consuming drugs or alcohol. If law enforcers find you with a blood BAC of 0.08% or higher, they will charge you with a DWI. You can also face charges for driving while ability impaired (DWAI) if police officers determine you were driving under the influence of drugs.

What Are the Penalties for DWI with a Minor in the Car?

While a DWI with a minor in the car is a Class E felony with a minimum of four years in prison, the sentences can differ depending on a combination of factors. You could face a Class C felony charge if you got into an accident and the child sustained severe physical injuries. Depending on the circumstances, possible penalties can include:

  • A mandatory one-year revocation of your driver’s license
  • Mandatory installation of ignition interlock device
  • A fine of between $1,000 and $10,0000
  • A term of 5 years on probation
  • Attending a Victim Impact Panel
  • A court-ordered surcharge of $520 and a three-year DMV assessment totaling $750

If you were involved in an accident and the child was killed, you risk facing 15-25 years in prison. Defending against DWI charges where a minor is involved can be complex, given that you can face additional charges for endangering a child’s welfare. Consider retaining aggressive lawyers from a Long Island DWI and DUI defense law firm to defend you against the charges.

What Is Endangering the Welfare of a Child?

Parents, guardians, and those entrusted to care for children have a legal responsibility to ensure the minors don’t come into harm. A person who fails to protect a child may face criminal charges for endangering the welfare of a child.
Under Penal Law § 260.10, you can be found guilty of endangering a child’s welfare if you:

  • Intentionally act in a manner likely to harm a child aged 16 or younger physically, mentally, or morally
  • Direct or authorize a child 16 or younger to engage in an occupation involving substantial danger to their health
  • Fail or refuse to exercise reasonable care in the control of a child aged 17 or younger to protect them from abuse, neglect, or juvenile delinquency that requires supervision.
  • Deal with a child unlawfully.
  • Abandon or neglect a child.

Being charged with a DWI with a child in the car falls under the first category of endangering a child. If facing separate charges in addition to the DWI offense, you could be charged with a Class A misdemeanor, which attracts punishment of up to 364 days in jail upon conviction.
Alternatively, you could be subjected to three years of supervised probation or up to a one-year Conditional Discharge. Fines and mandatory surcharges are also applicable. Lawyers can help you defend yourself against the charges to protect your constitutional rights.

How Can I Defend Myself Against a DWI with a Minor Charge?

Defending yourself against a DWI with a minor in the car depends on the evidence and allegations in your case. Lawyers from a reputable DWI and DUI defense law firm, Long Island, can evaluate your case and determine the best strategy to use in defending. Some aspects they can investigate include the following:

  • Did the police inform you of your rights when arresting you?
  • Did the police arrest you on probable cause, and can you challenge it?
  • Did the police advise you on what could happen if you don’t submit to a chemical test to determine your BAC?
  • Were you adequately advised of your rights when you made a statement?
  • Were you operating the car or merely resting with the child in the car?
  • Is there any evidence that shows you refused to take sobriety tests?

There are plenty of avenues experienced and knowledgeable attorneys from a Long Island DWI and DUI defense law firm can explore in creating a defense strategy if they know what to look for and where to look.

An Experienced Criminal Defense Lawyer Helping You Fight DWI Charges

Leandra’s Law has provisions for steep penalties for people charged with driving while intoxicated with a minor in the vehicle. You risk up to 25 years in jail if the child dies in a crash and various other harsh penalties, depending on the case circumstances. Retaining criminal justice attorneys in Long Island is something you should consider to defend your rights and freedom.

Good people make bad decisions that sometimes land them on the wrong side of the law. If you or your loved one is facing charges for a DWI with a minor in the car, don’t lose hope. The Mirsky Law Firm has aggressive DWI and DUI lawyers who can help you beat the charges. Call us at 516-774-1811 or 718-412-8322 to schedule a FREE consultation.

By |Blog, Criminal Law, criminal lawyer, dui|Comments Off on How Does New York Address DUIs with Minors in the Vehicle?

What Should You Do if Falsely Accused of Assault in New York?

What Are the Dangers of a False Accusation?

Being the victim of a false accusation can be frightening, and it can be hard not to think the worst. The proposition can have several adverse effects, including:

  • Being found guilty of a crime you didn’t commit
  • Having your life interrupted in many ways, especially if you’re sentenced to jail for the crime
  • Incurring financial costs associated with the proceedings
  • Lost wages as you attend the trial proceedings
  • Damage to your reputation
  • Possibility of mental health issues as the stress of the charges takes a toll on you

With so much at stake, you can’t afford to be casual if you’ve been falsely accused of a crime you didn’t commit. Contact skilled Long Island criminal justice attorneys to help you fight the charges. They can provide legal counsel to enable you to understand the full scope of what you’re facing to avoid hurting your case.

What Are the Common Types of False Accusations?

False accusations are often based on anger, the need to seek revenge, and a lack of moral character. They are most likely to result in reputational and social damage for the accused. Assault and battery lawyers in Long Island say that in most cases, the accusations tend to be around crimes that are hardest to disprove entirely, such as the following:
Assault: Personal disputes or mistaken perceptions of events can result in false accusations of assault. For example, someone can claim you assaulted them during a heated verbal exchange.
Domestic violence: False accusations can arise in contested divorce or child custody cases. The accuser can make a false report out of spite, revenge, or a solid desire to taint your image to reduce your chances of winning the custody battle.
Child abuse: False accusations of child abuse can happen due to staff inexperience at schools or daycare facilities. They are also common when accusers want to sway legal family proceedings in their favor.
Drug possession: Police officers can sometimes mistake a legal substance for an illegal one. In other cases, people get caught with drugs that are not theirs, hence the basis of the false accusations.

False Accusations Based on Civil Cases

The above examples of false accusations are based on criminal law. Long Island assault and battery lawyers in Long Island say that false accusations also extend into civil and professional settings. In workplace settings, false allegations of discrimination are not uncommon, and they revolve around the following:

  • Gender discrimination
  • Age discrimination
  • Race discrimination
  • Nationality discrimination
  • Disability discrimination
  • Sexual orientation discrimination
  • Religious discrimination

You might be tempted to dismiss the allegations of a crime or workplace behavior you didn’t do or don’t recognize. Unfortunately, this is the greatest undoing of your rights and reputation. Consult skilled criminal justice attorneys in Long Island as soon as possible for legal advice on handling the case.

How Can I Defend Myself Against Charges Based on False Accusations?

What you do in the face of false accusations can make or break your case. Skilled lawyers recommend taking the following steps for a favorable outcome:

Remain Calm and Look for Legal Representation

It’s tempting to defend yourself against false accusations, which in most cases can cause you to overact impulsively. It’s essential to maintain calmness despite how emotionally distressing the situation is. Instead, contact criminal defense lawyers in New York and let them help you develop a solid defense strategy to protect your rights.

Don’t Discuss the Issue with Anyone

Avoid discussing the matter with your accuser or making statements to the police without your attorney present. Remember that anything you say can be used against you in court. Comments you make innocently can be misinterpreted or misconstrued, making the charges worse.

You have the right to politely decline to respond to any questions until your attorney is present. They can guide you on what to say and what not to say to avoid incriminating yourself.

Gather Evidence and Preserve Documentation

The evidence you present can prove your innocence. Such includes emails, text messages, video recordings, and photographs. Social media exchanges or other digital communications that may contradict the accuser’s false claims can also help your case.

It would also help to have witnesses who can corroborate the statements. Your Long Island assault attorney can interview them to evaluate the strength of their testimony before incorporating it into your defense strategy.

Build Strong Defenses

Knowledgeable attorneys can be invaluable when building a solid defense strategy to fight false allegations. Possible defenses include:

  • Alibi: You can present evidence that proves you were at a different place when the alleged crime happened. Witnesses, receipts from a business trip, or security footage can help.
  • Insufficient evidence: There could be an absence of definitive evidence linking you to the alleged crime, resulting in the case being dismissed or an acquittal if the case goes to trial
  • Motion to suppress: Your lawyer can file a motion to prevent specific evidence from being introduced during trial. For example, anything you said before being informed of your right to remain silent can be suppressed, strengthening your defense.

An Experienced Criminal Defense Lawyer Helping You Beat False Accusations

False accusations can damage your reputation, rights, and life in general. They can lead to broken relationships, criminal charges, and severe penalties if convicted for crimes you didn’t commit. So, knowing your rights and being well-prepared to handle such a situation is essential. Skilled criminal justice lawyers in Long Island can help you evaluate your options.

Mirsky Law Firm hosts award-winning assault and battery attorneys who can take up your case. With over two decades of specializing in criminal law, we have the skills and knowledge to help you fight the charges. Call us at 516-774-1811 to start a FREE consultation.

By |assault and battery, Criminal Law, criminal lawyer|Comments Off on What Should You Do if Falsely Accused of Assault in New York?

Are DWI Checkpoints Illegal in New York?

What Does the Law Say About DWI Checkpoints in New York?

Police officers are allowed to set up sobriety checkpoints in New York. These allow them to quickly stop drivers and check if they are driving while intoxicated. However, the checkpoints must conform to various legal limitations and be conducted fairly and impartially.

If you are stopped at a DWI checkpoint and subjected to the sobriety test but fail the test, you could be charged with driving under the influence. A DUI is a criminal offense that could subject you to severe consequences if convicted. Contact skilled Long Island criminal justice attorneys to help you understand your rights at a DWI checkpoint.

Legal Elements of a DWI Checkpoint

The US Supreme Court found that DWI checkpoints constitute the seizure for Fourth Amendment purposes. However, they are reasonable and permissible under certain conditions, especially if police officers have reasonable suspicion that a diver has violated the law.

Since the dangers of drunk driving outweigh the Fourth Amendment intrusion, DWI checkpoints are legal as long as police officers do the following:

  • Set up the checkpoints for a specific purpose
  • Set up adequate safety precautions, including proper lighting and warning of the checkpoint’s existence
  • Use a predetermined random pattern to determine which cars to stop
  • Stop drivers only for a reasonable amount of time at the checkpoint
  • Not violate a driver’s privacy to a certain degree
  • Have a supervisor oversee the checkpoint

Failure to meet these conditions could amount to a violation of the checkpoint regulations. Experienced Long Island DWI and DUI defense lawyers could use these violations to help you beat your DUI charges.

What Does a Sobriety Check Point Entail?

Once a police officer asks you to pull over for suspicion of drunk driving, they require you to submit a breathalyzer test. It measures your blood alcohol concentration by analyzing your breath.

Depending on the officer’s judgment about your intoxication level, they may require you to get out of the car and undertake some sobriety tests.

The law requires New York police officers to be cautious about detaining a driver for too long. There are also limits on how long the checkpoints can be active on any given road. Violating these guidelines is justification enough for your Long Island DWI and DUI defense attorneys to fight to dismiss your DUI case.

What Are My Rights at a DWI Checkpoint?

Drivers have rights at DWI checkpoints in New York. Police officers must adhere to certain restrictions when stopping motorists to assess their sobriety levels. They must protect every motorist’s rights, so it’s essential to understand what these rights are:

Consent for a Search

Police officers shouldn’t search you or your vehicle without your consent. Forcing you out of your car and conducting an unwarranted search is illegal. It can be the basis upon which your DWI and DUI defense lawyers in Long Island fight to have your DUI case dismissed.

On your part, you should avoid turning around or making an illegal turn to avoid the search, as this would give the officers probable cause to pull you over. They could also detain you if they reasonably suspected that you were doing something illegal, hence the reason for turning around.

Refuse a Sobriety Test

The law requires motorists to provide law enforcement officers with their license and registration numbers. The officers can also ask several questions and subject motorists to field sobriety tests to determine if they were driving while impaired. You have the right to refuse to answer an officer’s questions or to take the chemical test.

However, refusing a chemical test could increase the risk of having your license suspended under implied consent laws in New York. Courts consider probable cause in safeguarding drivers’ constitutional rights.

The Right to Remain Silent

You have a right to refuse to answer an officer’s questions, and an officer should remind you of this as constituted in the Miranda rights if they arrest you. However, remember that while you have a right not to answer an officer’s questions, keeping quiet would give the officer additional grounds to investigate you further.

The officer would feel that your silence is because you’re hiding something. Call skilled DWI and DUI attorneys in Long Island to protect your rights if you decide to remain quiet.

What Should I Do if Stopped at a DWI Checkpoint?

In addition to knowing your rights at a DWI checkpoint, it’s also crucial that you know what else to do to avoid getting into trouble with the officers:

  • Roll down your window and turn on your car’s interior light
  • Maintain calmness and be polite to the officers
  • Put your hands on the steering wheel where they are visible
  • Ensure your car’s registration and insurance information is easily accessible
  • Avoid making any statements that would appear to be an admission of fault
  • If an officer presses you further and requests you submit to a sobriety test, contact a DUI attorney immediately.

A Skilled DWI and DUI Attorney Helping You Understand Your Rights at a DWI Checkpoint

Being stopped at a DWI checkpoint can be stressful, especially if you think you could be arrested for wrongdoing. The outcome of every case is different, given the unique circumstances surrounding the police checks. Contact skilled DWI and DUI defense attorneys in Long Island if you are stopped and arrested at a DWI checkpoint for a DUI offense.

They understand DUI laws and how police officers should conduct themselves at checkpoints. Criminal defense lawyers in Long Island can investigate if law enforcers violated your rights and use that to help you beat the DUI charges against you. The Mirsky Law Firm has skilled DUI attorneys who can defend you. Call us at 516-744-1811 or 718-412-8322 for a FREE consultation.

By |Blog, Criminal Law, criminal lawyer, dwi|Comments Off on Are DWI Checkpoints Illegal in New York?

Types of Embezzlement in New York

What Do New York Embezzlement Laws Say?

Embezzlement, also known as larceny by embezzlement, is the crime of misusing or misappropriating funds over which the offender has some control. Embezzlement charges focus on the fact that the defendant was responsible for taking care of cash or other assets and had no ownership but used the property illegally for their own benefit.

Embezzlement is a white-collar crime, and many statutes punish the crime, with the most frequently used being 18 U.S.C. § 641. The penalties can be stiff depending on the value of the property in question. Contact a skilled Long Island criminal justice attorney for aggressive defense if you’ve been arrested and charged with embezzlement in New York.

What Types of Crime Constitute Embezzlement in New York?

The easiest way to understand larceny by embezzlement is to look at it as unlawfully taking someone’s property to deprive them of it or withholding it. In the context of embezzlement, property refers to money obtained through various means, such as:

  • Skimming cash
  • Unapproved wire transfers
  • Improper use of a credit card
  • Obtaining funds through fraudulent checks and manipulated financial documents

The penalties for embezzlement upon a conviction can be severe. Hiring a skilled Long Island white-collar crime defense attorney can enhance your chances of fighting the charges successfully. Criminal defense lawyers know how the system works and can help you navigate the complex matters that could risk your freedom and future.

Levels of Embezzlement

Larceny by embezzlement differs from simply not repaying a debt. The Court of Appeals in New York explains that there must be a clear distinction between failure to pay a valid debt and the crime of embezzlement.

The degree of the severity of the crime depends on the amount of money in question:

  • First-degree grand larceny: First-degree grand larceny is the most severe embezzlement crime. It is a Class B felony punishable by up to 25 years in prison if the funds embezzled exceed $1,000,000
  • Second-degree grand theft: It is a Class C felony punishable by up to 15 years in prison if the money involved is more than $50,000 but not more than $1,000,000
  • Third-degree grand theft: It is a Class D felony punishable by up to seven years in prison if the embezzlement involves more than $3,000 but not more than $50,000
  • Fourth-degree grand larceny: The crime is a Class E felony punishable by up to four years in prison if the amount is more than $1,000 but not more than $3,000

A prosecutor may aggregate multiple thefts over extended periods to enhance the degree of the severity of the charges to increase your penalties. An aggressive white-collar crime defense lawyer in Long Island can help you understand the gravity of the charges and help you create a strong defense strategy to protect your rights.

Embezzlement Related Offenses

Depending on the circumstances surrounding your case, you may also face other charges closely related to larceny by embezzlement:

Possessing Stolen Property

New York also recognizes another type of embezzlement in the form of possession of stolen property, in this case, money. The crime will be aggregated even if you don’t have the money in your account or have perpetrated the offense over a few years.

For example, if you have six counts of stealing $10,000, the offense won’t be classified as six Class D felonies but one Class C felony involving more than $50,000. Additionally, the court may impose six counts of forgery and falsifying business records in the first degree under classes D and E, respectively.

You don’t need to have the money physically to be prosecuted. The amount is aggregated over the time you embezzled the funds.

Falsifying Business Records

Falsifying business records can be part of embezzlement charges in New York. The offense happens when you alter business records or delete records and is charged in the first degree. You could also face charges for the crime if you fail to make entries in financial records with the intent to embezzle funds.

If the act is to conceal theft, you could be charged with a first-degree Class E felony. The crime is punishable by one to four years in prison for each count of falsified business records.

Possession of a Forged Instrument

The crime is similar to forgery, but the offense is being in possession of a manipulated document. It is a Class D felony charged in the second degree.

Offering a False Instrument for Filing

Offering a false instrument for filing with the intent to defraud a public office is another crime under larceny with embezzlement. The law classifies it as a first-degree offense under Class E Felonies.

All these crimes related to embezzlement are felonies, not misdemeanors. You risk imprisonment in state prison for more than one year if convicted. You need to fight to protect your rights and reduce the chances of incarceration. Aggressive white-collar crime lawyers in Long Island can come to your defense.

An Aggressive Criminal Defense Lawyer Defending You Against Embezzlement Charges

If you face embezzlement charges in New York, you risk hefty penalties, including incarceration. Understanding how embezzlement law works is vital to help you prepare your defense. Skilled criminal defense lawyers in Long Island can answer all your questions and help you navigate the complex justice system to protect your future.

The Mirsky Law Firm hosts successful white-collar crime defense attorneys who can represent you against arrests and indictments for embezzlement and other crimes. We can assess the evidence against you and help you create a plan of action to challenge the accusations while fighting for the most favorable outcome. Call us at 516-744-1811 to schedule a consultation.

By |Criminal Law, criminal lawyer, White-collar Crime|Comments Off on Types of Embezzlement in New York

How Do I Avoid Unfair Sentencing When Represented by a Theft Crime Attorney?

How Can a Theft Crime Attorney Help Me?

Your freedom is on the line if you face theft charges in New York. A conviction also attracts stiff penalties in the form of hefty fines and a ruined reputation. Don’t attempt to represent yourself, no matter how smart you are. The criminal legal system is complex, and you may not effectively defend yourself against the charges without legal help.

So, consider hiring an aggressive criminal defense attorney in Long Island to fight the legal battle on your behalf. Criminal defense lawyers are trained to unearth unique elements and listen to arguments that can reduce a potential life-altering conviction. Here’s how a lawyer can help you avoid unfair sentencing for theft and burglary charges.

Lawyers Have Special Safeguards in Criminal Justice Matters

The law stipulates that every accused person has the right to be assisted by a lawyer of their choice upon arrest or detention or when facing criminal charges. Anyone who doesn’t have a lawyer is entitled to have an experienced and competent lawyer assigned to them based on the nature of the offense to ensure they have adequate legal representation.

Lawyers must advise clients of their legal rights and obligations. They also must assist them in all appropriate ways to take legal action to protect their interests. In protecting your rights and promoting the cause of justice, your Long Island theft and burglary attorney must act to protect your interests, working freely and diligently according to the law.

Additionally, lawyers enjoy civil and penal immunity for relevant statements they make in good faith during oral proceedings. This immunity gives them a better legal standing. Unlike you, what they say can’t be used against them in a court of law, so they’re better positioned to argue your case in your defense.

In-Depth Knowledge of the Criminal Law

Your Long Island theft and burglary lawyer has studied and is trained to understand every aspect of the law and knows how the court system works. They focus on determining if any loopholes or inconsistencies in the system exist and if they can work in your favor to help you beat the charges. They also know the leading players in the legal system, including prosecutors and judges.

Lawyers often work with other legal experts to help you build a strong defense strategy while utilizing the “unwritten legal rules” that may work in your favor. These are things you might not know if you represent yourself. You could waive legal rights you didn’t know you had or plead guilty to charges you didn’t have to.

Your Lawyer Can Fight to Have the Charges Dismissed

In some situations, and depending on the complexity of your case, your theft and burglary attorney in Long Island can convince the prosecution to drop the charges before the case goes to trial. They can investigate the circumstances surrounding your arrest to identify evidence that supports why your case should be dropped.

For example, they might find that the police didn’t read your Miranda rights or searched you illegally during your arrest. In that case, your lawyer may argue that the police violated your rights and ask that your case be dismissed.

Your Lawyer Can Help Get a Sentence Reduction

Imprisonment shouldn’t be taken for granted as the natural form of punishment once a defendant has been convicted of a crime. That’s because it deprives people of their liberty. That’s where alternative sentencing comes in to encourage fair sentencing by considering other options depending on the severity of the crime.

Before your hearing, your criminal defense lawyer in Long Island may file a mitigation statement that outlines a plea for a shorter sentence. It should be transparent regarding your interests that will suffer due to your absence while serving an imprisonment term. Your lawyer can fight to reduce your time if you’re sentenced to prison for a misdemeanor or felony.

Your sentence can be reduced or altered based on various factors, such as the following:

  • The nature of the crime
  • The applicable legal sentencing guidelines that apply
  • Your existing criminal record

Your Lawyer Can Help You Get Acquitted at Trial

Criminal cases go to trial for various reasons, such as being wrongly accused. The jury can only convict you if it believes you’re guilty beyond a reasonable doubt, an extremely high standard. An experienced criminal defense lawyer knows how to build the strongest case to defend you.

Some ways in which your attorney can cast reasonable doubt in your theft case include the following:

  • Proving lack of intent to commit the crime
  • Challenging evidence presented by the prosecution
  • Presenting an alibi
  • Proving ownership of the property in question
  • Proving mistaken identity
  • Establishing a legal, judicial, or court error in the sentencing
  • Arguing based on a change in the law that retroactively alters a previously unfair sentence

A skilled lawyer can carefully evaluate all possible defense strategies applicable to your case to help you fight for an acquittal at trial.

An Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney Helping You Avoid Unfair Sentencing

The legal system is complex, and if you’re facing theft and burglary charges, having the assistance of an aggressive theft and burglary attorney in Long Island is crucial. They can provide the legal representation you need and fight to ensure you are not subjected to unfair sentencing.

The lawyers at the Mirsky Law Firm can come to your defense. We have many years of experience in criminal law, and we can work diligently to defend you against theft charges. We believe you’re innocent until proven guilty, so all hope is not lost. Call us at 516-744-1811 for a case assessment.

By |Criminal Law, criminal lawyer, theft|Comments Off on How Do I Avoid Unfair Sentencing When Represented by a Theft Crime Attorney?

How to Choose the Right Criminal Defense Lawyer for Your Case

Why Do I Need a Criminal Defense Lawyer for My Case?

Retaining a skilled Long Island trial attorney works to your advantage when facing criminal charges. Criminal cases are complex, and you may not understand the legal jargon well enough to defend yourself effectively. Having a lawyer is the most effective way to ensure you don’t waive rights you didn’t know you had or plead guilty to charges you shouldn’t.

An aggressive lawyer knows how to help you navigate the complex legal system. They can fight to have the charges dropped or negotiate lesser penalties if convicted. However, lawyers are different; therefore, you must find the right one for your case. That can make all the difference in putting up a solid defense.

What Should I Consider When Looking for a Criminal Defense Lawyer?

Finding a suitable criminal defense lawyer in Long Island can seem daunting, yet it could be the most crucial step in the entire case. Here are factors to consider when looking for an attorney to represent you:

The Attorney Specializes in Criminal Law

Criminal law is a complex specialty; you need an attorney dedicated to the field. If you look up an attorney’s website online and see nothing about criminal law, they’re likely not the right lawyer to represent you.

The practice of law requires that an attorney has regular involvement in the areas they claim to have expertise in to enable you to stay up to date on the nuances. Besides, their continued involvement and experience can allow them to create the best possible defenses.

Experience with the Charges You’re Facing

It’s not enough that the Long Island criminal defense attorney you choose specializes in criminal law. Go a step further and evaluate if they’re conversant with the charges you’re facing. For example, a criminal defense attorney who specializes in domestic violence charges may not be suitable for an embezzlement case unless they also have experience in that area.

Criminal law is constantly evolving, and it’s vital to work with an attorney with extensive experience in the specific area of law in which your case falls. Take advantage of the free consultation offered by most law firms to ask questions and determine if the lawyer you wish to hire has the experience needed for your case.

Check Their Level of Expertise

In addition to specializing in criminal law, it’s also essential that your criminal defense attorney in San Antonio has the right level of expertise. Being accused of a crime is frightening and could bring costly repercussions. You, therefore, want a legal expert who knows criminal law inside out.

They also should have experience in municipal, state, federal, and superior courts. Sometimes, court jurisdictions may overlap, and your case may be heard in multiple courts. They should be able to represent you in all these courts if the need arises.

Look Locally First

When looking for a Long Island criminal defense lawyer, make your search as localized as possible. In other words, look for a lawyer as close to you as possible to make day-to-day communication easier.

The Texas criminal system is complicated, and procedures and rules can vary from one courthouse to another. Local attorneys know the intricate details of the courts in their county, putting them in a position to give you quality information to help you prepare effectively for your criminal case.

Choose a Responsive Attorney

A good trial attorney is responsive and has the right personality to handle clients. Time is of the essence when you’re facing a criminal charge and need an attorney who will work on your case immediately. They also should respond quickly when you contact them. If they are quick in responding to your call or emails, they’re probably equal to the task of defending you.

The lawyer you choose should understand how relentless prosecutors and law enforcers can be and should be bold in defending your rights in a court of law aggressively. They need to be unafraid to face the prosecution and poke holes in the evidence brought against you.

Ask for Reviews and Referrals

Ensure you check with other clients that the lawyer has represented in the past to hear what their experience was like with the lawyer. You can also read reviews and testimonials from peer-review websites, but referrals may be the most reliable way to choose an attorney.

An excellent place to check is with individuals in the justice system. They know the most reliable lawyers with a winning record and are respected by judges and peers. You could also enquire from other attorneys practicing in different fields of law.

Trust Your Instincts

If something feels off about a particular lawyer, it probably is. Trusting your instincts when choosing the right criminal defense attorney in Long Island is essential. That might seem daunting, but trust your ability to make the right choice when selecting a lawyer.

Remember that if you got a lawyer through a referral, what matters, in the long run, is how well you can trust them to handle your case and help you win.

An Experienced Trial Attorney Providing Personalized Legal Representation

Choosing the right Long Island trial lawyer to represent you in your criminal case is one of the most critical decisions to make or break your case. The process can be daunting and lengthy, but you shouldn’t take it lightly. The above considerations provide a framework to get you started, but remember to do your homework extensively.

The Mirsky Law Firm hosts an aggressive criminal defense lawyer in Long Island. We provide trusted legal counsel for defense in Suffolk County. If you’re facing criminal charges, don’t go to battle alone. Call us at 516-299-6187 or 718-412-8322 to schedule a FREE consultation.

By |Criminal Law, criminal lawyer|Comments Off on How to Choose the Right Criminal Defense Lawyer for Your Case

Challenging DUI Charges in New York City: Tips and Strategies

What Are DUI Laws in New York?

DUI laws in New York are complex, and a conviction can attract hefty penalties. Even if you’re not part of an auto accident, you can face severe penalties if a police officer finds you driving under the influence. Your duty as a responsible citizen is to avoid driving after drinking alcohol or using drugs.

However, you might still find yourself on the wrong side of the law for various reasons. If you’re arrested for a DUI, criminal defense lawyers in Long Island advise that you don’t resist the arrest, but instead, do the following:

  • Pull over
  • Be calm
  • Remain polite
  • Only provide minimal information
  • Only take a sobriety test at the police station
  • Record everything you can remember
  • Hire a DUI attorney to help you fight the charges

How Can I Defend Myself Against DUI Charges?

Skilled attorneys from a Long Island DWI and DUI defense law firm can provide legal counsel on the approaches to challenge DUI charges in New York. While some are pre-trial defenses you can use in a hearing before trial, others are trial defenses you bring up to the jury at trial.

The Police Pulled Me Over for No Reason

Under the Fourth Amendment, the police must have a valid reason for pulling you over. If you believe the police didn’t have a good reason to arrest you, you can legally challenge the stop. If your attorney successfully shows why the stop was illegal, the court will dismiss all other evidence against you.

A police officer must have a reasonable belief that you have committed, are committing, or about to commit a crime, in this case, driving under the influence. Alternatively, they must demonstrate probable cause that you committed a traffic violation.

Breathalyzer Test Inaccuracy

DUI breath tests are the most common way to test blood alcohol concentration (BAC). However, the tests are not always accurate as they measure the breath alcohol and multiply it by a “partition ratio” to estimate the BAC. The devices assume a ratio of 1:2100 of alcohol in the exhaled breath to alcohol in the blood.

The ratio can sometimes be higher depending on sex, body weight, temperature, and breathing patterns. The device’s margin error, improper calibration, and poor police maintenance of the breathalyzer device can also give a false impression of your BAC. Skilled DWI and DUI lawyers serving in Nassau County and Suffolk County can use these arguments to defend you.

Showing a DUI Test Refusal Charge is Wrong

If the police ask you to take a breath test at the side of the road after pulling you over, you have a right to refuse to take the test. However, refusing to take the test has the risk of being charged with a refusal offense. Refusing a breath test is not a crime if you have a valid medical excuse.

There are several reasonable excuses you could use as a defense to refuse the test, which is why the specific details of your arrest are crucial in fighting and winning a DUI charge. For example, some medical conditions can make it difficult to exhale with force or in the methods required for the breathalyzer device.

Experienced lawyers from a reputable DWI and DUI defense law firm in Long Island can analyze the details of your arrest and find that the refusal offense charge was not valid. With the strict requirements for the portable roadside breath test device and the larger breathalyzer machine at the station, your lawyers can find loopholes to use in your defense to invalidate the charge.

A Police Officer’s Failure to Read Your Miranda Rights

You’re entitled to Miranda Rights, the warnings that police officers issue upon arresting someone and when they’re about to question them. Without a Miranda warning, nothing you say in response to an officer’s questioning can be used against you as evidence in court.

Additionally, if the police obtain any evidence because of questioning you after violating the Miranda rules, the collected evidence shall not be allowed in court. This is based on the principle is the fruit of the poisonous tree, and your DUI defense attorney can fight to keep everything you said out of court.

Inaccurate Field Sobriety Test

If the police bring a DUI charge against you, claiming that you failed a field sobriety test, you can challenge the charge based on the test results. If you have ever taken a field sobriety test, you know how hard it can be to pass, even when sober, leave alone when intoxicated.

Your Long Island DWI and DUI defense lawyers can quote the following as reasons for innocent test failures:

  • Poor balance
  • Shoes or clothes that interfered with the tests
  • Bad lighting or uneven surface conditions
  • Poor coordination or non-athleticism
  • Police intimidation

DUI with No Proof of Driving

DUI laws in New York allow police officers to arrest you for DUI if they find you with a BAC level above the legal limit, even if you were not driving at the time of the arrest. However, you can challenge the charge by saying you were not driving when you were arrested and had no intention to drive.

The argument could especially be helpful if you were in the passenger’s seat and the car keys were not in the ignition. The burden of proof would lie with the prosecutor as they would be required to show the validity of the DUI charge. Aggressive criminal defense attorneys in Long Island can fight to get you off the charges if there’s no proof you were caught driving.

Skillfully Challenge Your DUI Charge With the Help of a Legal Professional

Fighting DUI charges in New York requires the skill and experience of an aggressive lawyer from a DWI and DUI defense law firm in Long Island. DUI laws are strict, and a conviction could expose you to hefty fines and possible jail time, depending on the severity of the charge.

Let our DUI and DWI defense lawyers provide the legal counsel and representation you need during this challenging time. Your past mistakes should not define your future, and we can fight for the most favorable outcome in your case. Contact the Mirsky Law Firm at 516-299-6187 or 718-412-8322 to schedule a case assessment.

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When Should I Contact a Criminal Defense Lawyer?

What is a Criminal Defense Attorney?

Hiring a professional attorney for criminal cases in Suffolk County to represent you is advisable when facing criminal charges. A criminal law attorney fights to defend you against the charges to protect you from suffering the harsh penalties of a conviction. The legal experts know how the justice system works and can help you navigate the complexities to defend your rights and freedom.

Most criminal defense attorneys can provide legal counsel and representation for most crimes, such as the following:

  • Arson
  • Assault
  • Burglary
  • Driving under the influence
  • Domestic violence
  • Drug crimes
  • Embezzlement
  • Kidnapping
  • Murder or manslaughter
  • Trespassing
  • Sexual assault
  • Resisting arrest
  • Robbery

A criminal offense conviction often results in hefty penalties such as fines, possible jail time, and a ruined reputation that stays with you for years. A criminal defense attorney in New York can help you avoid these penalties. Learn when and why you should contact a Long Island criminal justice attorney if you’re under investigation for a crime or have been arrested.

Why Do I Need a Criminal Defense Lawyer?

A skilled Long Island criminal justice lawyer can provide many services to protect your rights, freedom, and future when you’re facing criminal charges:

  • They tailor a customized legal defense strategy based on the evidence presented against you, which you may not be able to do by yourself.
  • They protect and support you as legal experts and as humans.
  • They investigate and assess the case’s merits and look at areas that may weaken the prosecutor’s case.
  • They can negotiate a plea bargain if the evidence against you is overwhelming to help reduce the penalties you might face
  • They professionally handle your arraignment, pre-trial motions, trial, and sentencing.
  • They fight to protect your constitutional rights.
  • Hiring a lawyer saves you time in the long run.

All these factors point to why you shouldn’t go to court without the legal representation of a criminal justice attorney in Long Island. However, don’t wait until it’s too late to hire one. Contact one as soon as possible, and more importantly, under the following circumstances.

When Should I Hire a Criminal Defense Lawyer?

When you’re the target of a criminal investigation, you can feel like you’re all alone against the law enforcers and the government. The good thing is that you don’t have to be alone, as you have a right to the assistance of a lawyer under the following circumstances:

When You Have Been Arrested

If you’re accused of and arrested for a crime, you’ll be brought to the station and booked. You have the right to invoke the 5th Amendment right and insist on having your criminal justice lawyer before answering any further questions besides those related to your identity. However, you won’t be able to call an attorney until after you’ve been booked.

As you wait for your lawyer, take the opportunity to write down the details of your arrest. These small details can help your case later, especially if the police violated your rights during the arrest. Your lawyer can argue based on the irregularities as a defense to beat the charges.

During Police Questioning

Police and other law enforcement officers are well-trained to ask questions and seek answers from people under criminal investigations. They can intimidate you into saying things that they can use against you in a court of law and may say something like, “Why don’t you just answer a few questions, and we can clear things up.”

Unfortunately, you could end up saying something that could incriminate you. The police know you have a right to remain silent until you have a lawyer. Your lawyer can advise you objectively about the questions and tell you when to stay quiet, as you don’t have to answer all the questions the police ask.

When Someone Accuses You of a Crime

If someone accuses you of a crime, try to avoid talking to them and instead call a criminal defense lawyer in Suffolk County. That way, you will have someone to protect and defend you if the accuser calls the police to file charges against you.

Your attorney can mediate between you and the accuser if the misunderstanding is minor, such as property damage that doesn’t require police intervention. Having a lawyer to represent you when accused of a crime can be the difference between having your freedom and spending decades in prison, especially for crimes like sexual assault and child molestation.

When the Police Have a Search Warrant Against You

Sometimes the police may have probable cause to believe you possess evidence of a crime. So, they can obtain a search warrant to search your person, home, vehicle, or anywhere they believe the evidence could be located. Contact a criminal defense lawyer immediately if they serve you with a search warrant.

Your Suffolk County criminal justice attorney can review the warrant and ensure the police only search where the order allows them. Often, the police won’t give you enough time to prepare for the search for fear that you might hide the evidence. So, get on the phone before them and talk to an attorney. If possible, remain with the officers outside your car or home until the lawyer arrives.

Take Action Today and Let a Criminal Defense Attorney Fight for Your Rights

If you have been accused of a crime, arrested, or under investigation, don’t try to work it out alone. You need the counsel and representation of a skilled criminal justice lawyer in Long Island to help you fight the battle. A conviction can have severe penalties, but a lawyer can help you avoid them altogether.

Our passionate and aggressive New York lawyers have a wealth of experience and a proven track record of representing clients. We believe in fighting for the rights of those facing criminal charges to give them a fresh start. Call the Mirsky Law Firm at 516-299-6187 to discuss your case with a legal professional if you face a criminal charge.

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The Relationship Between Addiction and Drug Crimes

How Drugs and Alcohol Fuel Violent Behaviors

Substance use and abuse have been associated with various adverse crimes. According to the American Addiction Centers, about 75% of people who start treatment for substance use disorders have engaged in physical assault, attacking another person using a dangerous weapon, or mugging at some point.

The relationship between drug addiction and drug crimes cuts across many thresholds, and on the legal front, it can lead to severe consequences. If you have been charged with drug crimes and have a history of addiction, contact a skilled Long Island criminal justice attorney for legal counsel on how to beat the charges.

Motivational Changes Trigger Drug Crimes

There are several ways in which drugs influence crime rates, but most notably, motivational change is a leading factor. Drug addicts are often highly motivated, contrary to popular belief that they lack motivation. However, they’re often influenced by the wrong things.

For example, a drug addict will often think of a drug and how to get it, not considering the risks involved in trying to get it. Extreme motivation leads to an addiction strong enough to push an individual to commit a crime to satisfy the addiction, find relief, or escape reality.

People with drug addiction will often go to great lengths to procure the drugs. However, society has many crime-free drug addicts, and addiction does not justify the crime. If you’re facing charges for crimes you committed due to addiction, let a skilled Long Island drug defense lawyer help you fight the charges. Then, you can start your journey to recovery.

Drug Addicts Often Commit Offenses to Support Their Drug Habit

People who use drugs, primarily marijuana, and cocaine, are highly likely to commit crimes of all types than offenders who don’t. They often commit a crime to obtain money to support their habit. Offenders convicted of burglary, robbery, and theft are most likely to engage in the offense to get money to buy drugs.

Those who commit sexual assault and homicide are less likely to do so to support their drug addiction, but as a result of the addiction. Whatever the motive for committing a crime, you risk getting heftier penalties for committing a crime based on your drug addiction.

Drug use and possession are offenses with a separate list of penalties. Compounded with the sentences of the type of crime you commit, you could suffer life-long penalties that could curtail your chances of living your best life. Consult an experienced Long Island drug defense lawyer for legal representation in your trial for a favorable outcome.

Drug Trafficking Generates Violent Crimes

Trafficking of illegal drugs to support an addiction often has a close association with violent crimes. The reasons for the relationship between trafficking, addiction, and violence include the following:

  • High competition for drug markets and consumers
  • People who traffic drugs are likely to be violent.
  • Disputes and rip-offs among individuals involved in the illegal drug market
  • Drug markets tend to thrive where people are economically and socially disadvantaged, and legal controls against violence tend to be ineffective.

Lethal weapons have also increased in the market, making drug violence more lethal. The penalties are also harsher for crimes that involve drugs and weapon use. If you’ve been arrested for such, ensure you contact a drug defense attorney in Long Island as soon as possible.

What Types of Offenses Result from Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Drug addiction often leads to three types of crimes. The first is user-related drug crimes which happen an offender ingests drugs and then commits a crime under the influence of the drugs.

The second type is economic-related drug crime which a drug user commits to get money to support their addiction. The most common economic crimes associated with drug use and addiction are theft and prostitution.

The third type is a system-related crime that results from the sale of drugs and how the criminal justice system deals with people involved with drugs. The crimes include drug manufacturing, traffic, and selling, as well as the violence that comes with the activities such as turf wars.

Penalties for Drug-Related Crimes

The penalties for drug-related charges depend on factors such as:

  • The substance in question
  • The amount of substance
  • The activity the offender was engaged in
  • The offender’s past criminal history

The court considers these factors to avoid an unduly harsh penalty. The penalties for drug crimes in New York range from a fine of $100 for marijuana possession, depending on the circumstances, to a maximum of life imprisonment for being a major trafficker.

The court may impose an alternative sentence of up to one year in certain circumstances for Class B, C, D, and E felonies, except for selling drugs to a child.

What Are the Possible Defenses Against Drug Crime Charges?

A conviction for drug crimes can ruin your life and future profoundly. That’s why you must fight aggressively to beat the charges with the help of an experienced drug defense attorney in New York.

After investigating and evaluating your case, your lawyer can help you create a strong defense strategy by arguing the following:

  • Improper search and seizure procedure
  • Wrong crime lab analysis procedure
  • Entrapment by the authorities
  • Being under the influence of medical marijuana
  • Improper chain of custody procedure

Fight for Your Freedom and Reputation Today

The relationship between drug addiction and drug crimes is often complex. Facing charges for drug-related offenses can expose you to stiff penalties, given that New York courts are known to punish to the maximum extent the law allows. A conviction can significantly affect your life, and it’s in your best interest to hire a criminal defense lawyer to help you fight the charges.

Our law firm has provided legal representation for drug crime charges for many years, helping our clients get favorable outcomes. We also offer legal counsel to help defendants rebuild their lives and lead crime-free lives. Whatever the drug-crime charge you face, call the Mirsky Law Firm at 516-299-6187 or 718-412-8322 for a FREE consultation.

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When is a Juvenile Charged as an Adult in New York?

What is the New York Juvenile Court Process?

When a child below the age of 16 is arrested and accused of committing a crime, they will typically be charged with committing a “delinquent act.” They will go to trials as “juvenile delinquents” in a Family Court.

If your child is facing charges as a juvenile delinquent, consult a criminal defense law firm in Long Island. They will help you understand the charges brought against your child and the court process. You should know that the juvenile court system is different from the adult system, and it’s vital to ensure your child’s rights are not being violated.

What is the Difference Between the Juvenile and the Adult Court System in New York?

The juvenile justice system focuses on rehabilitating offenders, while the adult system punishes offenders for their mistakes.

Other differences are as follows:

  • The juvenile system aims at diverting juvenile delinquency cases out of the criminal justice system
  • Court records and sealed criminal convictions are confidential in juvenile cases
  • Judges, not juries, conduct trials to determine the offender’s guilt or innocence in juvenile cases

If these factors are not apparent in your child’s juvenile delinquency case, consult a skilled Long Island juvenile defense lawyer to understand your child’s rights and available options.

What Are the Different Categories of Offenders in the New York Juvenile System?

In New York, children seven years or older can be brought to court and prosecuted for criminal conduct. A Long Island juvenile defense lawyer can fight to defend your child against the charges and protect them from the consequences.

The court that handles the case depends on the child’s age and the type of offense in question. These factors also determine what happens to the child’s criminal record if convicted of the crime. Underage offenders are categorized as follows:

Juvenile Delinquents

These are children between 7 and 16 years at the time of committing the delinquent act. If the child were an adult, New York criminal laws would consider the offense a “crime.” However, the child is treated as a juvenile delinquent, with the matter heard in a Family Court if the child needs rehabilitation, treatment, or supervision and the crime isn’t a felony.

Juvenile Offenders

Children aged 13, 14, or 15 charged with felonies or severe crimes may be charged as adults. Their cases will be heard in New York Supreme Court instead of a Family Court. Juvenile offenders can be subjected to more severe punishments than juvenile delinquents.

Youthful Offenders

Youthful offenders are between the ages of 16 and 18 and were previously charged as adults. They could face charges for misdemeanors or felonies, and depending on the circumstances, the judge could be obligated to give the offender treatment, resulting in the conviction being sealed.

Sometimes, the decision to grant treatment was at the judge’s discretion, depending on eligibility.

Adolescent Offenders

The “Raise the Age” legislation recently established the category of adolescent offenders. It incorporates offenders between the ages of 16 and 17 who commit severe offenses or felonies punishable by one-year imprisonment or more. The cases are handled in the Youth Part of the Criminal Court, not the Supreme or Family Court.

What is the “Raise the Age” Legislation?

In the past, New York laws didn’t distinguish between juvenile and adult offenders. Children aged seven years were charged, tried, and even sentenced in adult criminal courts. The system and procedures posed many challenges, given that there were no distinctions between gender, age, and mental illnesses. Prison populations included adult and juvenile offenders.

With progressive reforms came the “Raise the Age” legislation that changed the age at which a child can be prosecuted as an adult to 18 years in criminal cases. Under the bill, the following applies:

  • Misdemeanor cases under the penal code involving 16 and 17-year-olds are decided in the Family Court and are considered juvenile delinquency.
  • Misdemeanor cases under Vehicle and Traffic law involving 16 and 17-year-olds are considered adult cases and are decided in the local criminal court or heard in the Youth Part of the Supreme Court if committed together with a felony.
  • Felony cases involving 16 and 17-year-olds are considered adult offenses, and the cases start at the Youth Part of the Supreme Court. If a case is removed from this court to the Family Court, it’s considered a juvenile delinquency case.

Does My Child Need a Lawyer When Facing Charged for Juvenile Delinquency?

Navigating the juvenile court system is as complex as the adult court system. It is marked with several intricacies and dynamics that may make the situation hard for your child if they don’t know what happens or what to expect. So, having a skilled Long Island juvenile defense attorney is advantageous to you and your child.

The lawyer can take your family through the system while protecting your child’s rights. When a child faces charges and has to go through the justice system, their future, freedom, and life are at stake. Be diligent in protecting them from a damaged life by hiring a skilled lawyer from a reputable Long Island criminal defense law firm.

Protect Your Child’s Rights and Freedom

It can be a frightening experience to have your child subjected to the criminal court system for a mistake they committed. An alleged error they make today shouldn’t define them forever, so you should take steps to protect and defend them against the charges. The best way to do so is to hire an aggressive juvenile defense attorney in New York.

They understand how the criminal system works and will ensure your child gets rehabilitation instead of punishment for their mistakes. Our juvenile defense attorney can provide the legal counsel and representation you need during this challenging time. Contact us to schedule a FREE case assessment.

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